澳洲签证:2019年7月1日后的变化

原创:Shamsher Kainth   编译者:Thomas Zhang

​Australian visas: What’s changing from 1st July 2019 (SBS)

澳洲签证:2019年7月1日以后的变化(SBS电台)

The level of immigration to Australia had the centre stage for the better part of the last year with the Government announcing some of the most significant changes seen in the recent years, including slashing the permanent intake for the first time in nearly a decade.

在近年政府所宣布的重大变化当中,澳洲的移民方案是其中心议题,包括近十年来首次大幅度减少永久居民的配额。

Some of the most significant changes to Australia’s immigration system in recent years are going to take effect this year.
近年来澳洲移民系统的最显著变化的其中一部分,从这个财政年度开始就会生效。

Immigration cap lowered 移民配额降低

Following months of posturing on the issue of growing congestion in Sydney and Melbourne, the Federal Government announced in March this year that it will cut back Australia’s annual permanent immigration intake to 160,000. The intake has been capped at 190,000 since 2011 but the actual intake fell to just over 162,000 in 2017-18 for the first time in over a decade.

随着近期对于悉尼和墨尔本不断增长的人口导致的城市拥挤问题的持续关注,联邦政府于今年三月宣布将对澳洲的年度永久居民的配额大幅度减少到160,000人。这是近十年内政府首次对于2011年以来维持在190,000永久居民配额进行限定,而在2017-18财政年度,实际的吸收永居人数已经减少到了162,000人。

The impact of the overall cut will be absorbed by Skilled Independent visas that allowed people to live and work anywhere in Australia. The annual quota of this subclass has been slashed from over 43,000 to nearly 18,000 – a move that has temporary residents in Australia worried that it might force a prolonged temporary residency period on them.

这次减少移民总额将对独立技术移民签证造成影响,该永居类别允许移民在澳洲任何地方生活和工作。这一类别的年度配额从43,000直降到差不多只有18,000人 — 该举动对于澳洲的临时签证持有人带来恐慌,他们担忧这将迫使他们不得不延长临时居留的期限。

The government said the cap will be maintained for the next four years.

政府表示该配额会在接下来的四个财政年度内继续保持。

Australians more positive on migrant rates

New regional visas 新的(偏远)地区签证

The government also announced an increase in the number of visa places for regional Australia with 23,000 skilled visas being reserved for those willing to live and work in the regions.

政府同时宣布增加澳洲偏远地区签证类别人数,将23,000技术移民的配额保留给愿意生活和工作在澳洲偏远地区的那些移民申请人。

The two new provisional regional visas to be introduced in November this year – Skilled Employer Sponsored Visa and Skilled Work Regional Visa will have 9,000 and 14,000 places respectively within the annual immigration cap of 160,000.

今年11月两种新的临时地区签证将会生效:一种是雇主担保的技术移民签证,在年度整体移民配额的160,000人数中将占据9,000人;而地区技术工作签证则会被分配到14,000人。

.@AlanTudgeMP: Not only are we easing off on the migration rate overall, but we’re providing 23,000 geographically restricted visas anywhere outside the big capitals.

Alan Tudge联邦众议员(联邦人口和城市发展部长)说:我们一方面需要整体降低移民人数水平,另一方面会提供多达23,000个有条件限制的签证给那些愿意居住在非大都市的地区的申请人。

Visa holders of these subclasses will be required to spend at least three years in regional areas in order to become eligible to apply for permanent residency, instead of two years. A new regional permanent visa will be introduced in 2022.

这些签证类别的签证持有人将被要求在偏远地区至少居住三年,而非现在的两年,以期获得申请永久居留的资格。2022年起,一种全新类别的地区永居签证将会生效。

International students will be able to access an additional year of post-study visa if they study in an educational institute in the regions, outside of Melbourne, Sydney, Perth and southeast Queensland.

如果国际留学生在墨尔本、悉尼、珀斯以及昆士兰东南部之外的地区里的那些教育机构学习,他们将会获得更多一年的毕业生临时工作签证。

Extra points for skilled migration 技术移民的额外加分

Visa applicants sponsored or nominated for these regional visas will have the benefit of five extra points towards their points test.

受担保或提名的上述偏远地区的签证申请人将会在打分系统上得到额外的5分从而获益。

The government has also announced an additional 10 points for applicants with a skilled spouse and for those without a spouse. There are extra points for qualifications in STEM subjects as well.

政府进一步宣布,如果申请人带有同样有技术的配偶或者索性没有配偶的话,可以获取额外的10分。在STEM(科学、技术、工程和数学)学科获得学历学位的申请人,同样会获得额外的分数。

New parent visa 新的父母(临居)签证

The new Temporary Sponsored Parent visa applications are being accepted from 1 July 2019. The visa – first promised ahead of the 2016 federal election – is being made available this year after the legislation it was tied to passed through the federal parliament in October last year.

一种全新的担保类父母临居签证从2019年7月1日后允许申请。这一签证是2016年联邦大选前政府作为选举的承诺之一开始公布的;去年十月联邦议会最终艰难通过法案后,终于可以在今年获得施行。

The new visa is linked to a sponsorship framework under which Australian citizen or permanent residents have to first apply to become approved sponsors. Once they are approved as sponsors, their parents will be able to apply for the visa that will allow them to stay in Australia for a continuous period of up to five years with a single opportunity for renewal. The total number of visas issued is capped at 15,000 per year.

新的签证跟一套担保制度相关联,该担保制度要求申请人在递交签证申请前,必须首先获批担保资格。一旦他们获批成为合格担保人后,他们的父母就被允许申请签证,可以连续在澳洲居住最多达五年之久,而且还有一次续签的机会。这个签证类别每年的配额限定在15,000人。

Citizenship changes abandoned 放弃公民入籍申请变更法案

According to media reports, the Federal Government has abandoned the legislation that would have made migrants to wait longer and prove they have competent English proficiency before they could apply for Australian citizenship.

据媒体报道,联邦政府已经放弃了修订法律,要求移民必须在澳洲居住更长时间以及证明他们具备合格英文能力,才可以申请入籍成为澳洲公民。

After the Bill passed through the House of Representatives, it was struck of the Senate notice paper in October 2017 due to a joint opposition by the Greens, Labor and some crossbench senators.

法案原本已经在众议院获得通过,但是由于绿党、工党以及部分跨席参议员的联合反对,最终在2017年10月参议院回复通知书中被驳回。

Since then, the government had softened its stand on English requirements, scaling it down to ‘moderate’, but couldn’t get the required support to pass it in the Senate. Last month, The Courier-Mail reported that the government will not follow through with the changes.

自那时起,联邦政府在英文能力要求上立场有所软化,把“合格”的要求降低为“适度”,但是仍然无法在参议院获得足够多的支持票。上个月,速递邮报报道说政府将不在继续推动公民入籍法律的修改。

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原文连接:https://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/punjabi/en/article/2019/06/27/australian-visas-whats-changing-1st-july-2019?fbclid=IwAR3576xsCFyPFaj7kOIe0mCaDRADNvbMDBoRm3eRx9lyeUGJzVFqT2JCIiM

原作者:Shamsher Kainth